Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 (RTE Act):
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE) was passed by the Indian parliament on 4 August 2009.
As per the Act-
- Every child between the ages of 6 to 14 years has the right to free and compulsory education. This provision was added to Article 21A in the Constitution of India after the 86th Constitution Amendment Act. The RTE Act seeks to provide for the right to free and compulsory education.
- All government schools shall provide free education to all the children and these schools will be managed by School Management Committees (SMCs).
- Private Schools, on the other hand, shall save 25% of its total seats for providing free education.
- The National Commission for Elementary Education shall be constituted to monitor various aspects of elementary education, especially quality.
RTE Act and TET:
Section 23 (1) of the RTE Act states:
“Any person possessing such minimum qualifications, as laid down by an academic authority, authorised by the Central Government, by notification, shall be eligible for appointment as a teacher.”
As per Section 23 (1) of the RTE Act, the National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE) is authorised by the Central Government as the authority for setting minimum qualifications an applicant must have before he can be appointed as a teacher for classes I to VIII. It is by way of this authority that the NCTE has made TET compulsory for anyone who wishes to become a teacher in classes I to VIII.
As per the guidelines provided by the NCTE:
- Any applicant of TET must get a minimum of 60% marks in order to become a teacher in the elementary classes in private, government, aided or unaided schools.
- The TET will be conducted once a year by professional educational bodies appointed by both State/Union Territory Governments and the Central government, but separately.
- The qualifying certificate that an applicant receives after securing 60% or more marks in the TET is primarily valid for 7 years but this validity period can be changed by different educational bodies for the different TETs that they conduct, as appointed and directed by their respective governments.